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Does That Kind Seize What You Need?

Evaluating the first issues of injured collegiate-athletes to the content material of patient-reported final result measures.

Tinsley J, Pannill HL, Fasczewski Okay, Rivera L, Howard JS. J Athl Prepare. 2022 Might 27. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-0516.21. Epub forward of print.

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Take-House Message

Generally used, established patient-reported final result measures (PROMs) might not absolutely tackle affected person issues and will embody questions irrelevant to collegiate athletes with an harm.


Clinicians use PROMs to know higher a affected person’s response to remedy, which can result in improved remedy outcomes. Sadly, it stays unclear if in style PROMs adequately assess a school athlete’s issues after an harm.

Examine Purpose

Tinsley and colleagues accomplished a cross-sectional examine to determine the first issues of collegiate athletes who’re injured and whether or not generally used PROMs assess these issues.


The researchers recruited athletes at 4 collegiate establishments in the event that they had been receiving look after any harm, over 18 years outdated, and recognized by their athletic coach as having “modified or restricted their sports activities participation”. The 149 collegiate athletes then accomplished the Measure Your self Medical Final result Profile (MYMOP-2), a kind that permits a affected person to determine their main issues. Three raters reviewed the responses from the MYMOP and assigned a code primarily based on the Worldwide Classification of Functioning, Incapacity and Well being (ICF) system. The ICF codes had a number of tiers. Most notably, the codes allowed the raters to explain the first issues at a nuanced stage (e.g., throwing, ache in a physique half), which got here out tiers describing “greater image” issues (e.g., hand and arm use, a sensation of ache). Raters may assign a number of ICF codes to a single response on the MYMOP. The authors then linked the ICF codes to gadgets on 9 in style PROMs:

1.     Affected person-Reported Outcomes Measurement Info System World Well being Scale model 1.2 (PROMIS®)
2.     modified Disablement of the Bodily Energetic Scale(mDPAS)
3.     Decrease Extremity Useful Scale (LEFS)
4.     Knee harm and Osteoarthritis Final result Rating(KOOS)
5.     Worldwide Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Kind(IKDC)
6.     Foot and Ankle Potential Measure (FAAM)
7.     Disablement of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH)
8.     Useful Arm Scale for Throwers (FAST)
9.     Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic questionnaire (KJOC)


The athletes’ main issues typically mirrored ache (23%) and sports activities participation (16%). At a “greater image” stage of issues, solely three PROMs lined greater than 70% of the first issues reported by athletes: the KOOS (75%), DASH (88%), and FAST (75%). At a extra nuanced stage of issues, not one of the PROMs met the authors’ standards of reflecting >70% of the issues. Actually, solely two PROMs mirrored half the issues at this stage (IKDC 55% and KOOS 55%). The authors additionally flipped issues round and checked out how a lot content material in every PROM mirrored the most typical issues of athletes. The IKDC was the one instrument with lower than half of its content material thought of irrelevant to the athletes’ main issues.


The authors demonstrated that not one of the PROMs utterly captured the sufferers’ issues. Therefore, clinicians must be involved that these PROMs might not seize all of the related data. Moreover, the PROMs typically requested about points that lacked relevance to this affected person inhabitants. Therefore, sufferers could also be losing time answering questions that aren’t related to their issues. A superb instance of this downside is the KOOS. Some folks could have youthful sufferers skip the activities-of-daily-living subscale as a result of it’s much less related to this affected person inhabitants. Alternatively, generally older sufferers might skip the KOOS questions on sports activities and recreation perform as a result of it’s irrelevant to them. This paper highlights a possibility for growing new PROMs that higher characterize the issues of collegiate athletes. It additionally raises issues that these PROMs might not mirror the issues of different athletic populations.

Medical Implications

Clinicians who use PROMs ought to acknowledge that these instruments might fail to seize the first issues of collegiate athletes with an harm. Whereas we’d like higher PROMs, we mustn’t use this examine as a purpose to dismiss using PROMs. As an alternative, we should always see PROMs as one of many many instruments in our toolbox that we will pair with discussions with our sufferers about their main issues and objectives.

Questions for Dialogue

What PROMs do you employ in your apply and the way do you make sure that all of the issues of your sufferers are being addressed?

Written by: Kyle Harris
Reviewed by: Jeffrey Driban

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